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Depending on their lifestyle, breed or age, dogs do not tolerate the cold in the same way.
Here's how to protect them from the elements.
Helping our dogs get through the winter
Dog that lives inthe outside:
If your dog lives outside, it should be protectto prevent him from frostbite in the extremities or hypothermia.
- Suggest a nichemade of wood (more insulating than plastic) away from rain, of thesnow and wind.The ideal is to elevate it so that it is not in direct contact with the cold and wet ground.
- So that your dog can warm up with body heat, the doghouse should be no more than twice as long as your dog and he should be able to stand inside (anticipate the size if you have a puppy). You can have a basket and a blanket there.
- Check daily his water bowlwho can freeze in negative temperatures. A large pebble deposited in it can avoid this inconvenience.
- If you notice weight loss in your pet, increase your ration by 10%to compensate for the calories burned to fight against the cold.
- Regularly check its nose, its friction blocks (elbow) and its pads. Hairless,these areas are particularly sensitive to damp cold.Don't hesitate to hydrate them with shea butter or a tanning solution.
Read also : heal a damaged pad
Dog that lives indoors:
Dogs that live indoors do not suffer from the cold. However, you must be vigilant when going out, because the temperature difference between inside and outside the weakens.
- Avoid having them groom so that they have a fur well supplied.
- Don't bathe them more than once a month. The dog's skin is covered with a protective and insulating mucus.
- Brush them carefully to allow dead hairs to renew.
- When returning from a walk, dry them properly and check their pads. Frozen or salty sidewalks can crack them.
Did you know ?
If your dog lifts his hind legs (with tremors sometimes), you should cut short his walk, because he is letting you know that his legs are freezing.
Dog breeds and resistance to cold
In most cases, a healthy animal regulates its body temperature to combat inclement weather. Yet not all dogs are endowed with the same assets to endure the cold of winter.
- A dog of normal weight for his breed with long-haired fur such as the Golden or the Australian Shepherd can endure the cold very well.
- Nordic dogs like the Husky are perfectly equipped to face snowy and icy regions withstanding temperatures bordering on - 40 ° C.
- Thin (greyhound) or small (York) dogs lacking undercoat are particularly vulnerable because they have neither fat nor hair to protect them. Wearing a coat is perfectly justified for these breeds.
Warning !an obese dog is not protected from the cold.His pounds prevent him from moving properly and from burning the colories essential to warm up.
Dogs that resist the cold:
- American Akita
- Pyrenean Shepherd
- Tibetan mastiff
- Saint Bernard
- Wolf Spitz
Dogs who do not resist the cold:
- English bulldog
- Chinese dog
- Rat Terrier
- Toy poodle
- Fox terrier
- Yorkshire Terrier
These lists are not exhaustive and there are many breeds suitable for outdoor or indoor life.
Ask the breeders, they will be able to give you the right advice.
Cold resistance according to age
An older dog can suffer from joint pain,which will be amplified by the cold and humidity.
- Have him sleep in a memory foam bed near a heater and away from a window or drafts.
- Feed him a senior dog food rich in glucosamine and chondroitin.
- Adapt the duration of your walks.
To meditate :
“Everyone feels the cold according to their clothes. "