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Also called common chestnut, horse chestnut or white chestnut, the horse chestnut tree is a tree fromWestern Asia
and Balkans, which grows on all types of soil.
Imported into Europe, we usually meet this plant at the edge of roads, in the parks, the aisles or even the gardens.
Belonging to the Hippocastanaceae family, this tree which particularly resembles the chestnut, produces a dried fruit which spontaneously opens its organs in order to free its seeds voluminous.
Cultivated commercially in Poland and other countries in Eastern Europe, horse chestnut is particularly recommended by doctors and phytotherapists for his benefits for the health.
But, what are his therapeutic properties ? What are the fashions or methods of use recommended to get the best therapeutic benefit?
Here's what you need to know ...
Horse chestnut tree: for the record
Of secular tradition, flowers, thebark, the seeds and the leaves horse chestnut were used for therapeutic purposes.
In 1576, Charles de l'Ecluse (French botanist) had brought back some seeds of the horse chestnut tree from Constantinople. During the 2 centuries following this discovery, the tree has spread throughout European continent, where ornamental value and his medicinal properties were particularly exploited.
At 18e century in France, specialists have focused particularly on its virtues to process various ailments. Which ? Overview …
Horse chestnut tree: virtues and health benefits
Well known, the properties of horse chestnut are multiple.
We will retain among other things that this tree is a tvenous onique having effects anti-inflammatory, decongestant and even antihemorrhagic.
For centuries, preparations (excerpts) whole seeds, bark and sometimes leaves of horse chestnut have been used to treat diseases linked to a insufficiency or poor circulation venous namely: cramps (especially nocturnal ones), varicose veins, swelling and heaviness of the legs, hemorrhoids, small hematomas, dark circles, rosacea and even edema.
As early as the 18th century, the fruits of the horse chestnut tree were used to treat epilepsy, chronic bronchitis, catarrh of the intestine, migraines, dizziness and even uterine bleeding.
Plant known to facilitate vasoconstriction, the common chestnut tree is also recommended for:
- increase the resistance of blood vessels by making them more permeable.
- promote better cardiovascular health
- reduce functional disorders linked to skin fragility and capillary and (bruises, petechiae…).
- relieve menstrual pain.
In France, traditionally, it was recommended to wear white chestnut to prevent low back pain, the rheumatism and even access to drop.
Uses and dosages
Of standardized extracts and topical creams made from the bark, fruit or leaves of the horse chestnut tree are commercially available.
- As a standardized extract, a dose of 600 mg per day of horse chestnut seed extract containing 100 to 150 mg of aescin is recommended.
- For external use, the gel containing 2% aescin is to be applied according to the instructions for use.
NB : The gel should not be applied to ulcers or to skin with lesions.
- in Mother tincture : 50 drops morning and evening, in a little water.
- in Infusion : we use the leaves and bark.
Precautions: the toxic dangers of horse chestnut!
Esculine (active substance sought) is a dangerous toxin and anticoagulant present in the horse chestnut tree.
This is why the pharmaceutical industry has been producing, since the 1960s, standardized extracts in escin but, devoid of esculin.
Horse chestnut seed extract is contraindicated to pregnant women.
- In all other cases, do not hesitate to ask for thenotice of your doctor